Experts agree that a newly planted tree normally needs one year for every inch of trunk diameter to recover a normal root system. For example, a newly planted tree three inches in diameter will need at least three years in the ground to fully establish itself. There is a general rule that says that for every centimeter of caliber, it suffers a shock for 1 to 1.5 years. For example, a tree with a 2-inch gauge will take 2 to 3 years to recover from the impact.
Transplant shock is a term that refers to a series of stresses that occur in recently transplanted trees and shrubs. It entails the failure of the plant to take root well, so that the plant is poorly established in the landscape. New transplants do not have extensive root systems and are often stressed by a lack of sufficient water. Plants that suffer from water stress may be more susceptible to injury from other causes, such as weather, insects or diseases.
When several stresses are experienced, the plant may no longer be able to function properly. For example, vegetables can recover from shock after 2 to 4 weeks of transplantation. However, plants, such as trees, can take up to two years or more before they recover from all the shock stress of transplant. This simply means shoveling the roots around the tree at a comfortable distance from the trunk.
Common problems that can arise during transplantation are wilting, stunted or poor plant growth, leaf fall and, in severe cases, death. If your plants are in transplant shock, you can only reduce the severity of symptoms, but you cannot completely cure them. The stress created by this imbalance of supply and demand can be increased by potential incompatible conditions that await a tree in its new home, such as infertile soil, limited space, and changes in climate. But what if you, as the owner, want to change houses and want to continue with your favorite plants? Or maybe you've started growing some seeds indoors during the hot summer and want to transplant them into the garden during the cold season.
As you can see, in this case, you can reduce or avoid transplant shock when plants are transplanted in the right way. I hope the article will be of great help in understanding transplant shock and how long it takes for plants to recover from transplant shock. For example, a delicate plant such as a fern or an orchid is more prone to transplant shock and even death than stronger plants such as Peperomia Pilea. During this time, root damage and changing environmental conditions are the two main sources of stress (or shock) for a tree.
Transplant shock will remain a planting problem until the natural balance between the root system and leaves of the transplanted tree is restored. All you need to know are the symptoms to look for, the methods of recovery, and the time needed to repair the trees. Proper watering after transplanting is especially important during the first year; over-watering is just as harmful as over-watering. While trimming newly planted trees for shape is not recommended, experts agree that you should prune dead or dying twigs.