When it comes to uprooting and replanting trees, it's important to understand that they suffer the same amount of stress as large trees. However, with the right tools, training and knowledge, it is possible to replant a tree that has been uprooted. Trees that are no more than 2 or 3 inches in diameter on the main stem can be successfully transplanted. But, it's important to note that transplanting can impact a tree and many things can go wrong if the process is rushed or steps are skipped.
Replanting a tree uprooted should be done carefully to avoid further damage to the roots and branches. You want to be able to lift it back to its original position without twisting it and without risking further root damage. When a tree is uprooted, potentially serious damage occurs to the root system, the crown and, in some cases, also to the trunk. Trees spread their roots deep and wide, and uprooting breaks several of these roots.
Not all uprooted trees can be saved, but in some cases the tree can be successfully revived by replanting it. However, even successfully replanted trees can suffer from transplant shock, so post-replanting care is very important. Luckily, trees can be easily relocated if you do so at the right time of year. Young trees relocate better than more established ones, which are more difficult to move, especially if they have been in one place for more than five years.
The process of transplanting a tree begins several months before relocating it with root pruning. Ask for the help of a friend, rented equipment or a professional if necessary to ensure that the tree has a safe trip. When moving a tree, you will want to consider its approximate weight and soil conditions. With patience and time, you can help a tree during the transition by taking care to complete all the steps before, during and after the transplant. Prune your tree for 1 year before transplanting it and avoid fertilizing it for 2 or 3 years after transplanting it in order to keep its conditions as constant as possible. As you start to move your tree, make sure you slide your shovel underneath and start gently rocking it off its base.
Fill the soil around the tree with soil from the excavated pit, making sure to place the subsoil at the bottom of the pit and the top layer of soil on top. It is also a good idea to add a support stake and tie the tree securely to prevent it from swaying in the wind and uprooting. Trees with a trunk diameter greater than 2 inches should be moved by an experienced gardening contractor or nursery professional. A professional arborist can help you remove an uprooted tree without you having to deal with increased safety risks. If you follow these steps carefully when uprooting and replanting a tree, you will be able to enjoy your transplanted tree in its new location for many years to come.